They begun by soaking bread in water, leaving it to ferment and then drinking the water it was soaked in.
This oldest recipe is believed as the origins of beer as it was found on a stone slab that serves as the existing proof of the Sumerian heritage.
The migration that the Egyptians and ancient Romans did during the early stages of Christianity holds a big part in spreading beer to the European continent especially in Northern and Western Europe which later became the breeding ground
Beer became a beverage that is known and loved by many Europeans. Beer brewing is a familiar activity to them, it became a part of their daily activity.
Back in the European Medieval ages, many scientists invent things to make life easier for mankind.
With the simple technologies, they started mass production of beer and selling them as the monks and rabbis did.
This was the beginning of the beer trade.
Surprisingly, beer had sale value. From that point on breweries begun appearing across Europe.
Perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi seperti revolusi industri di Eropa pada abad ke 18 membuat proses pembuatan bir menjadi lebih maju dan berkembang pesat karena beberapa penemuan seperti:
- Termometer : mengukur temperatur sewaktu proses brewing.
- Mesin uap : proses brewing bisa dilakukan dalam skala besar.
- Hidrometer : digunakan untuk mengukur berat jenis zat cair. Dalam proses pembuatan bir, yang diukur adalah berat jenis alkoholnya.
In the 19th century, Louis Pasteur, a renowned French scientsts suggested beer makers to use pure yeast for the process of beer fermentation.
Dr Ellion, one of Pasteur's students created the Heineken A-Yeast in 1886 that was used in the fermentation process of Heineken beers.
The long evolutional journey of beer from thousands of years before Christ to this day has brought more than 40,000 kinds of beer worldwide.